Colombia’s president is selling ‘total peace.’ But gangs don’t buy it.

Across Colombia, decades of war between leftist guerrillas, right-wing paramilitaries, trafficking groups, and the government have left more than 9.5 million people – nearly 20% of the population – as victims of forced displacement, homicide, sexual violence, and more.

As conflict in the country grows more complex, with mutating armed groups warring for control, Colombia’s rebel-turned-president Gustavo Petro has promised to cement “total peace” and end one of the world’s longest-running conflicts.

What is Colombian President Petro’s plan?

Mr. Petro aims to rewire how the South American nation addresses endemic violence, replacing military operations with social programs tackling the conflict’s roots, including poverty in violence-torn areas like Buenaventura, a coastal city of 450,000 people and Colombia’s busiest port.

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